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JUNE 1

193 – The Roman emperor, Marcus Didius, is murdered in his palace

1533 – Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII’s new queen, is crowned

1563 – Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, is born

1774 – The British government orders the Port of Boston closed

1779 – The court-martial of Benedict Arnold convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Still months away from his infamous betrayal, this court-martial helps fuel his decision. He is charged with 13 counts of misbehavior, including misusing government wagons and illegally buying and selling goods

1789 – The first US congressional act on administering oaths becomes law

1801 – American religious leader, Brigham Young, is born

1809 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge begins to publish his periodical, The Friend

1812 – American Navy Captain, James Lawrence, mortally wounded in a naval engagement with the British, exhorts to the crew of his vessel, the Chesapeake, “Don’t’ give up the ship!”

1814 – Union General, Philip Kearney, is born

1830 – Indian religious leader, Swaminarayan, dies

1831 – Confederate General, John Hood, is born

1831 – British explorer, James Clark Ross, discovers the North Magnetic Pole

1862 – General Robert E. Lee assumes command of the Confederate army outside Richmond after General Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines

1864 – The Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, begins as Confederate General Robert E. Lee tries to turn Union General Ulysses Grant’s flank

1868 – James Buchanan, the 15th president of the US, dies

1871 – One of the deadliest men in the history of the Old West, John Wesley Hardin, arrives in Abilene, Kansas

1874 – Henry Heimlich publishes The Heimlich maneuver, to help save people from choking

1877 – US troops are authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico

1878 – English poet, John Masefield, is born

1898 – Comic actress and singer, Molly Picon, is born

1900 – Future President Herbert Hoover and his wife Lou are caught in the middle of the Boxer Rebellion in China, where they had come as part of their honeymoon cruise and where Hoover was to start a new job as a mining consultant to the Chinese emperor. Hoover led an enclave of westerners in building barricades around their residential city while the Chinese nationalists rebelled against the colonial control of their nation

1901 – English playwright, John Van Druten, is born

1907 – English engineer and inventor who developed the jet engine, Frank Whittle is born

1915 – Germany conducts the first zeppelin air raid over England

1916 – Germany launches a naval attack on British forces in Ypres Salient on the Western Front

1916 – The National Defense Act increases the strength of the US National Guard by 450,000 men

1921 – A race riot erupts in Tulsa, Oklahoma, killing 85

1926 – Actress and icon, Marilyn Monroe, is born

1932 – American social critic and writer, Christopher Lasch, is born

1934 – Nissan Motor Company is founded

1937 – American actor and producer Morgan Freeman is born

1939 – The Douglas DC-4 makes its first passenger flight from Chicago to New York

1941 – The German Army completes the capture of Crete as the Allied evacuation ends

1942 – America begins sending Lend-Lease materials to the Soviet Union

1942 – The Liberty Brigade, a Warsaw underground newspaper, makes the news about the gassing of tens of thousands of Jews at Chelmno, a Nazi-operated death camp in Poland, public for the first time

1945 – The first group of Berlin women begin cleaning up the destruction of WWII

1952 – American philosopher and psychologist, John Dewey, dies

1958 – Charles de Gaulle becomes premier of France

1963 – Governor George Wallace vows to defy an injunction ordering integration of the University of Alabama

1964 – Top US officials gather in Honolulu to discuss the situation in Vietnam

1965 – A coal mine explosion kills 236 at the Yamano mine near Fukuoka, Japan

1967 – The Beatles release Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, and turn a pivotal corner in music, shying away from boy band status and entering into the world of series artists

1968 – World-renowned blind and deaf writer and lecturer, Helen Keller, dies

1971 – In support of the Nixon Administration’s conduct of the war, a group named Vietnam Veterans for a Just Peace declares that it represents the majority of US veterans that had served in Southeast Asia and calls the protests and congressional testimony of the Vietnam Veterans Against the War “irresponsible”

1971 – American theologian, Reinhold Niebuhr, dies

1974 – Canadian and American singer, songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actress, Alanis Morissette is born

1977 – The Soviet government charges Anatoly Shcharansky, a human rights activist and Jewish dissident, with treason. Many viewed this as a direct challenge to US President Jimmy Carter’s new foreign policy emphasis on human rights and his criticism of Soviet repression

1978 – The US reports finding wiretaps in the American embassy in Moscow

1979 – Zimbabwe achieves sovereignty from the UK

1980 – CNN makes its debut

1982 – Belgian tennis player Justine Henin is born

1990 – At a summit meeting in Washington, DC, US President George HW Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev sign a historic agreement to end production of chemical weapons and begin the destruction of both nations’ sizable reserves of them

2004 – Opening statements begin in the Scott Peterson murder trial. Peterson was accused of murdering his wife Laci and the couple’s unborn son. Peterson was having an affair with Amber Frey and made a series of mistakes, including referring to himself as a “widower,” even before Laci’s body had been recovered. He was also caught with his brother’s passports, a large amount of cash, new hair and cut, after being charged for the murder, as though he was considering running from the police. Despite hiring celebrity attorney Mark Geragos, Peterson was convicted of murder and sentenced to death

2005 – Basketball Hall of Famer George Mikan dies

2008 – French fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent dies

2009 – Air France Flight 447 crashes in the Atlantic killing all 228 people on board

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