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June 4

1615 – The fortress at Osaka, Japan, falls to Shogun Leyasu after a six-month siege

1647 – Parliamentary forces capture King Charles I and hold him prisoner

1717 – The Freemasons are founded in London

1738 – English King, George III, is born

1754 – Lieutenant Colonel George Washington builds Fort Necessity to defend soldiers from French soldiers enraged about the murder of Ensign Joseph Coulon de Jumonville while in Washington’s custody

1792 – Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Britain

1794 – British troops capture Port-au-Prince, Haiti

1798 – Italian explorer and author, Giacomo Casanova, dies

1805 – Tripoli is forced to conclude peace with the US after a conflict over tribute

1843 – American naturalist, Charles Abbott, is born

1859 – The French army, under Napoleon III, takes Magenta from the Austrian army

1862 – Confederate forces evacuate Fort Pillow, Tennessee

1864 – Confederates under General Joseph Johnston retreat to the mountains of Georgia

1876 – The Transcontinental Express train crosses the nation in 83 hours

1889 – Seismologist, Beno Gutenberg, is born

1895 – Italy’s delegate to the League of Nations, Dino Conte Grandi, is born

1896 – Henry Ford tests his “Quadricycle” in the shed behind his home

1904 – Screenwriter and novelist, Alvah Bessie, is born

1911 – Gold is discovered in Alaska’s Indian Creek

1915 – First President of Mali, Modibo Keita, is born

1916 – The Battle of Lutsk marks the beginning of the Brusilov Offensive, the largest and most successful Allied offensive of WWI

1918 – French and American troops halt Germany’s offensive at Chateau-Thierry, France

1919 – The US Senate passes the Women’s Suffrage Bill

1922 – English anthropologist, neurologist, ethnologist, and psychiatrist, WHR Rivers, dies

1934 – President Franklin Roosevelt asks Congress for $52.5 million to battle economic and social disaster in the American Midwest caused in part by a series of droughts in the Great Plains region

1937 – American author, Robert Fulghum, is born

1940 – The British complete the evacuation of 300,000 troops at Dunkirk

1940 – Carson McCuller’s The Heart is a Lonely Hunter is published

1941 – Wilhelm II, German Emperor, dies

1942 – Battle of Midway begins during WWII

1943 – In Argentina, Juan Peron takes part in the military coup that overthrows Ramon S. Castillo

1944 – The U-505 becomes the first enemy submarine captured by the US Navy

1944 – Allied troops liberate Rome

1945 – Jazz composer and saxophonist, Anthony Braxton, is born

1946 – Juan Peron becomes Argentina’s president

1953 – North Korea accepts the UN’s proposals in all major respects

1960 – The Taiwan island of Quemoy is hit by 500 artillery shells fired from the coast of Communist China

1961 – President John Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union, agree on neutrality for Laos, while at a meeting in Vienna

1965 – Major General Lewis Walt takes command of the 3rd Marine Division

1966 – Russian mathematician, Vladimir Voevodsky, is born

1971 – Hungarian historian and philosopher, Gyorgy Lukacs, dies

1972 – Black activist Angela Davis is found not guilty of murder, kidnapping and criminal conspiracy

1972 – The collision of two trains in Jessore, Bangladesh, kills 76

1975 – Academy Award-winning actress, Angelina Jolie, is born

1975 – English comedian, actor, and singer, Russell Brand, is born

1976 – In Game Five of the NBA Finals, the Boston Celtics defeat the Phoenix Suns 128-126 in three overtimes and the game is considered by many to be the greatest in the history of the NBA Finals

1985 – American figure skater, Evan Lysacek, is born

1986 – Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top-secret US military intelligence information to Israel. Israel felt the intelligence should have been turned over willingly, as an ally. Pollard received life in prison. Israel has tried to negotiate his release since, but the US has declined

1989 – Chinese troops storm through Tiananmen Square in Beijing, killing and arresting thousands of pro-democracy protestors

2010 – American basketball player and coach, John Wooden, dies

 

Hudson Reed Showers