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June 7

1329 – Scottish King, Robert the Bruce, dies

1498 – Christopher Columbus leaves on his third voyage of exploration

1502 – Roman Catholic Pope, Gregory XIII, is born

1546 – The Peace of Ardes ends the war between France and England

1654 – Louis XIV is crowned King of France

1692 – A massive earthquake devastates the town of Port Royal in Jamaica, killing thousands. Strong tremors, soil liquefaction, and a tsunami combined to destroy the entire town. Port Royal was known throughout the New World as the “most wicked and sinful city in the world,” and “one of the lewdest in the Christian world,” as it was a headquarter for piracy and smuggling and debauchery. Most of the buildings were built right over the water. Aftershocks discouraged its rebuilding, and instead, the city of Kingston was built and it remains the largest city in Jamaica to this day

1712 – The Pennsylvania Assembly bans the importation of slaves

1767 – Daniel Boone sights present-day Kentucky

1776 – Richard Henry Lee of Virginia introduces a resolution for independence to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia

1778 – English wit, George Bryan “Beau” Brummell, is born

1848 – French post-impressionist painter, Paul Gaugin, is born

1863 – Mexico City is captured by French troops

1863 – Rebels are turned back at the Battle of Milliken’s Bend, where they were trying to rescue Vicksburg and a Rebel garrison held by Union forces

1866 – Chief Seattle dies. The Euro-American settlers named their new town after him, as he had welcomed them in such a friendly manner

1893 – A young Indian lawyer working in South Africa, Mohandas K. Gandhi, refuses to comply with racial segregation rules on a South African train and is forcibly ejected, marking his first act of civil disobedience

1899 – British novelist and short story writer, Elizabeth Bowen, is born

1900 – The Boxer rebels cut the rail links between Peking and Tientsin in China

1903 – Professor Pierre Curie reveals the discovery of Polonium

1909 – American physician and medical researcher, Virginia Apgar, is born

1909 – US Congressman, chairman of the Watergate hearings, Peter Rodino, is born

1913 – An Alaskan missionary, Hudson Stuck, leads the first successful ascent of Mt. McKinley, the highest point on the American continent at 20,320 feet

1914 – The first vessel passes through the Panama Canal

1917 – Poet, Gwendolyn Brooks, is born

1917 – The British 2nd Army scores a crushing victory over the Germans at Messines Ridge in northern France

1932 – Over 7,000 war veterans march on Washington, DC, demanding their bonus pay for service in WWI

1937 – Actress, Jean Harlow, dies at the young age of 26 from acute kidney failure

1939 – King George VI becomes the first British monarch to visit the US

1940 – Welsh and American singer and actor, Tom Jones, is born

1942 – The Japanese invade Attu and Kiska in the Aleutian Islands

1948 – The Battle of Midway ends

1948 – Eduard Benes resigns as president for life of Czechoslovakia rather than sign a new constitution that would make his nation a communist state

1952 – Author, screenwriter, Nobel Prize laureate, and academic, Orhan Pamuk, is born

1952 – Irish and American actor, Liam Neeson, is born

1954 – American author, Louise Erdrich, is born

1954 – English mathematician Alan Turing dies

1958 – Singer, songwriter, guitarist, producer and actor Prince, is born

1962 – Switzerland opens Credit Suisse-then known as Schweizerische Kreditanstalt, the first drive-through bank in Switzerland

1965 – General Westmoreland requests 44 battalions for Vietnam

1966 – Former actor, Ronald Reagan, receives the Republican nomination for governor of California

1967 – Poet and writer, Dorothy Parker, dies

1968 – In Operation Swift Saber, US Marines sweep an area 10 miles northwest of Da Nang in South Vietnam

1976 – New York magazine publishes the story that becomes Saturday Night Fever, “The Tribal Rites of the New Saturday Night,” by journalist Nik Cohn

1980 – Author and painter, Henry Miller, dies

1981 – Israel F-16 fighter-bombers destroy Iraq’s only nuclear reactor

1986 – The Kansas City Royals draft football star Bo Jackson, the 1985 Heisman Trophy winner from Auburn University, in the fourth round of the MLB amateur draft. Jackson’s decision to pursue baseball rather than football shocked the NFL and football fans across the world. He was selected by the Oakland Raiders in the seventh round of the 1987 NFL draft, going on to play both football and baseball

1994 – The Organization of African Unity formally admits South Africa as its fifty-third member

2002 – Michael Skakel is convicted in the 1975 murder of his former Greenwich, Connecticut neighbor, 15-year-old Martha Moxley. Skakel, a nephew of Ethel Kennedy, the wife of the late US Senator Robert Kennedy, was later sentenced to 20 years to life in prison. Moxley had been bludgeoned to death with a golf club outside her family’s home

2015 – English singer Christopher Lee dies

Hudson Reed Showers