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June 8

452 – Attila the Hun invades Italy

632 – Muhammad, the founder of Islam and unifier of Arabia, dies

793 – The Vikings raid the Northumbrian coast of England

1625 – Astronomer, Giovanni Domenico Cassini, is born

1724 – English engineer, John Smeaton, is born

1776 – Canadian Governor Sir Guy Carleton defeats American Patriot forces under John Sullivan, who were already in retreat from Quebec toward Montreal and the Battle of Trois-Rivieres

1809 – English and American author and theorist, Thomas Paine, dies

1810 – German composer, Robert Schumann, is born

1813 – Union admiral during the American Civil War, David D. Porter, is born

1861 – Tennessee votes to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy

1862 – The Army of the Potomac defeats Confederates at the Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia

1863 – Residents of Vicksburg flee into caves as General Ulysses Grant’s army begins shelling the town

1866 – Prussia annexes the region of Holstein

1867 – Influential American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, is born

1874 – Apache Chief, Cochise, dies

1896 – President Grover Cleveland asks leaders of federal departments to investigate how many foreign nationals are currently employed in the federal government

1904 – US Marines land in Tangiers, Morocco, to protect US citizens

1908 – King Edward VII of England visits Czar Nicholas II of Russia in an effort to improve relations between the two countries

1913 – Two farmers in Edinburgh, Scotland discover two small dead bodies floating in the water, tied together. Authorities were barely able to confirm they were human, but Sydney Smith, the century’s first “Quincy,” used forensics to help solve the crime. Adipocere in the bodies had preserved the children’s stomachs and inside Smith found peas, barley, potatoes, and leeks. Due to the seasonal nature of the vegetables, Smith figured they had died at the end of 1911 and had been floating in the quarry somewhere between 18-24 months. He also discovered that one of the children’s shirts had come from the Dysart poorhouse. That information led authorities to Patrick Higgins, a widower and drunk, who had left his two sons in the Dysart poorhouse in 1910 and had been jailed for failure to pay the small fees. He pulled his boys out of the poorhouse in 1911 and nobody had seen them since. Higgins was arrested, tried and convicted of murder. He was hanged on October 2, 1913. Smith went on to become a pioneer in forensic medicine

1915 – William Jennings Bryan quits as Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson

1916 – British scientist who co-discovered the structure of DNA, Francis Crick, is born

1917 – British Prime Minister David Lloyd George calls for an emergency meeting of his War Cabinet in London to discuss plans for an upcoming British offensive against the Germans on the Western Front

1918 – Actor, Robert Preston, is born

1921 – 2nd President of Indonesia, Suharto, is born

1924 – British mountaineer, George Mallory, dies

1925 – First Lady to 41st President, George HW Bush, Barbara Pierce Bush, is born

1939 – Herb Adderley, American football player, is born

1941 – British and Free French forces enter Syria and Lebanon in Operation Exporter

1942 – Physician and author, Andrew Weil, is born

1945 – President Harry Truman issues Executive Order 9568, permitting the release of scientific information from previously top-secret WWII documents in the hopes of stimulating America’s developing industries

1947 – Detective novelist, Sara Paretsky, is born

1948 – A hand-built aluminum prototype labeled “No. 1” becomes the first vehicle to bear the name of Porsche

1949 – The FBI names Hollywood figures, including film stars Frederic March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson as Communist Party members

1953 – The Supreme Court forbids segregated lunch counters in Washington, DC

1965 – President Lyndon Johnson authorizes commanders in Vietnam to commit US ground forces to combat

1966 – Gemini astronaut Gene Cernan attempts to become the first man to orbit the Earth untethered to a space capsule, but is unable to when he exhausts himself fitting into his rocket pack

1966 – The rival NFL and AFL announce they will merge. The first “Super Bowl,” will take place at the end of the ’66 season, but it will be 1970 before the leagues integrate their regular season schedules

1967 – Israeli airplanes attack the USS Liberty, a surveillance ship, n the Mediterranean, killing 34 Navy crewmen

1968 – James Earl Ray, the alleged assassin of Martin Luther King, Jr., is captured at the London Airport

1968 – Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia

1969 – President Richard Nixon meets with President Thieu of South Vietnam to tell him 25,000 US troops will pull out by August

1969 – Brian Jones leaves the band Rolling Stones, largely due to the wishes of the other band members. Jones’ appetite for drugs and alcohol had made him an almost non-functioning member

1977 – American rapper, producer, director, and fashion designer, Kanye West, is born

1982 – American baseball player, Satchel Paige, dies

1983 – Belgian tennis player, Kim Clijsters, is born

1984 – The film Ghostbusters is released in theaters across the US

1986 – Former UN Secretary-General, Kurt Waldheim, is elected president of Austria

1987 – New Zealand becomes a nuclear-free zone

1990 – Charles Freeman, owner of E-C Records store in Fort Lauderdale, is charged with illegally selling the rap album As Nasty As They Wanna Be to an undercover officer. Freeman’s arrest came two days after US District Judge Jose Gonzalez had ruled 2 Live Crew’s recording was legally obscene

1995 – US Air Force pilot Captain, Scott O’Grady, is rescued by US Marines in Bosnia

1999 – The final book in the Hannibal Lecter series by Thomas Harris, Hannibal, arrive at bookstores across the country

2001 – Tropical Storm Allison hits Houston, Texas for the second time in three days. It killed 50 people and caused $5 billion in damages

2009 – President of Gabon, Omar Bongo, dies

 

Hudson Reed Showers