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May 30

1416 – Jerome of Prague is burned as a heretic by the Church

1431 – Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by the English for heresy

1527 – The University of Marburg is founded in Germany

1539 – Hernando de Soto lands in Florida with 600 soldiers in search of gold

1593 – Playwright, Christopher Marlowe, is killed in a brawl over a bar tab

1640 – Flemish painter, Peter Paul Rubens, dies

1672 – Peter I, (the Great), Czar of Russia, is born

1768 – French commander, Etienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty, is born

1778 – French philosopher, Voltaire, dies

1783 – The first American daily newspaper, The Pennsylvania Evening Post, begins publishing

1806 – Patriot and future President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel for slandering his wife, Rachel Donelson Robards, who unbeknownst to them, was still married to her former husband

1814 – The First Treaty of Paris is declared, returning France to its 1792 borders

1814 – Russian philosopher, Mikhail Bakunin, is born

1846 – Russian goldsmith and jeweler Peter Carl Faberge is born

1848 – William Young patents the ice cream freezer

1854 – The Kansas-Nebraska Act repeals the Missouri Compromise

1859 – The Piedmontese army crosses the Sesia River and defeats the Austrians at Palestro

1862 – Union General Henry Halleck enters Corinth, Mississippi

1867 – American industrialist Arthur Vining Davis is born

1868 – Memorial Day begins when two women place flowers on both Confederate and Union graves

1889 – The brassiere is invented

1899 – The amateur bandit, Pearl Hart, and her boyfriend, Joe Boot, hold up an Arizona stagecoach. Both were caught four days later and imprisoned, yet neither served out their terms

1903 – American poet, Countee Cullen, is born

1908 – Swedish Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist, Hannes Alfven, is born

1908 – American entertainer and vocal artist, Mel Blanc, is born

1909 – Musician and big bandleader, Benny Goodman, is born

1912 – US Marines are sent to Nicaragua to protect American interests

1913 – The First Balkan War ends

1916 – Scientist and co-discoverer of plutonium, Joseph Kennedy, is born

1921 – The US Navy transfers the Teapot Dome oil reserves to the Department of the Interior

1922 – Former President William Howard Taft dedicates the Lincoln Memorial on the Washington Mall

1927 – The Kentucky River peaks during a massive flood that kills 89 and leaves thousands homeless

1942 – The Royal Air Force launches the first 1,000 plane raid over Germany

1949 – English cricket player, Bob Willis, is born

1960 – Russian author, Nobel Prize laureate and poet, Boris Pasternak, dies

1961 – The Dominican dictator, Rafael Trujillo, is assassinated

1967 – Biafra, a breakaway state from Nigeria, proclaims independence

1969 – South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu tells reporters that he would “never” agree to a coalition government with the National Liberation Front

1971 – NASA launches Mariner 9, the first satellite to orbit Mars

1980 – English soccer player, Steven Gerrard, is born

1990 – Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, arrives in Washington, DC, for a three-day summit with President George Bush

1993 – American pianist, composer, bandleader, and poet, Sun Ra, dies

1997 – Jonathan Levin, an English teacher, is stabbed and shot dead in his New York City apartment by his former student, Corey Arthur and his accomplice, Montoun Hart. Levin was known by many to be wealthy, as he was the son of Time Warner chairman Gerald Levin. Arthur tortured Levin to get him to reveal his debit card code and then after the murder, removed $800 from his account. He received 25 years to life for second-degree murder, while the triggerman Hart was acquitted, despite his 11-page signed confession, because his confession had been coerced out of him when he was drunk

2011 – Germany abandons nuclear energy, arriving at the decision, in part, after the meltdown at Japan’s Fukushima power plant


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